The IHTSDO head office is located in central Copenhagen, Denmark, on the oldest square in Copenhagen called "Gammeltorv" (Old Square). The IHTSDO staff is responsible for IHTSDO's day-to-day management and operations. The staff includes:
Appointed as Chief Executive Officer in January 2014, Don Sweete has been associated with IHTSDO as a member of the Management Board since October 2011. A graduate of Canada’s Dalhousie University, Don comes to the CEO position with extensive experience in health services and health information technology. He has held executive positions on both the commercial and governmental sides for the past 32 years, most recently as Executive Regional Director of the Atlantic Region of Canada Health Infoway.
Kent Spackman, M.D. Ph.D
Prior to joining IHTSDO, Dr. Spackman was the Scientific Director of SNOMED and Chair of the SNOMED International Editorial Board at the College of American Pathologists. He was a professor of pathology and medical informatics at Oregon Health and Science University in Portland, Oregon. He is an internationally recognized expert on biomedical knowledge representation. His informatics research has focused on applied artificial intelligence, including machine learning, natural language understanding, and clinical terminology. He is a Fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics.
David Markwell MB BS, LRCP, MRCS
David is, by training, a family doctor. He has worked full time on EHR development and standardisation for more than 25 years. Prior to taking up his current role (October 2011), he worked as an independent contractor, in the design and documentation of SNOMED CT. During this time he also provided SNOMED CT training courses in many countries and served as first Chair of the Concept Model Working Group. In the UK he led the technical effort to develop the GP2GP message standard which is now widely used to exchange structured patient records between NHS General Practices. He has also contributed to EHR and clinical communication standardisation work in the BSI, CEN and HL7 and has chaired several health-related standards groups including the HL7 EHR Special Interest Group and HL7 UK.
As IHTSDO's Head of Collaboration, Ms. Millar brings a deep understanding of health information standards and associated assurance processes to this role. Prior to joining IHTSDO, she has been Head of Information Standard Services in the National Health Service in England since 2001. In this capacity, Ms. Millar's area also provides links to the British Standards Institute's Health Information Standards Committee, thus linking to the work of international standards bodies.
As the Head of Customer Relations, Liara is accountable for development and delivery of IHTSDO’s Customer Relationship Management and IHTSDO’s Stakeholder Engagement approach. She brings over fifteen years of experience from both government and private sector. Prior to joining the IHTSDO, Liara worked on one of the largest IT programs in the world, the NHS Connecting for Health National Program for IT. During the eight years on this program in the UK, she was a key player in delivering business transformation management, programme governance and controls, procurement and financial management. Prior to this she worked in business development and financial management for a multinational commercial business in Europe and Australia. Liara holds a Master of Commerce in International Business and Technology from the University of Sydney, and speaks four languages.
Rory joined the IHTSDO in January 2013 with a background across IT, having worked in a wide range of countries, industries, technologies and technology roles. Previously he was working as part of the end to end solutions architecture team responsible for the roll-out of smart energy meters in the UK, and prior to that he worked for the Department of Health in the UK as the Lead Technical Architect for the National Pandemic Flu Service and the Lead Technical Architect for Primary Care within NHS Connecting for Health. His role as Head of Applications and Architecture is primarily to ensure that the technological platform is in place to secure the delivery of SNOMED CT, whilst focusing on the need for innovative solutions to deliver real value to users, the wider community and the business.
From a background in software development in the financial and healthcare industries, Robert joined the SNOMED community in 2005 when hired at CAP as a technical lead. Assuming responsibility for SNOMED CT releases, he led a technical team that supported the content authoring environment and oversaw releases of the SNOMED CT International Edition. Highlights included leading Workbench related software development projects, and leading the team that created the RF2 baseline and first RF2 release in January 2011. Having joined the IHTSDO in January 2013, Robert is accountable for the delivery and technical quality of the SNOMED CT International Edition and related services, to IHTSDO Members and Affiliates. He is currently focusing on building the IHTSDO's capability and capacity to deliver on the ongoing requirements and uses cases for SNOMED CT. This includes the integration of new SNOMED CT-related products and services, and accounting for collaboration between the IHTSDO and other organizations, and evolving IHTSDO standards and guidelines.
Ian holds the position of Head of Content Development with the IHTSDO. He comes with a clinical background in nursing, including teaching Advanced Life Support to other clinicians. He has worked in the English NHS for 26 years as a nurse, healthcare manager and informatician. He has a degree in Nursing practice and a Master's degree in Healthcare Quality Management. He has been a member of the IHTSDO's Quality Committee since its origination in 2007, and has been involved with SNOMED developments since 2003. He has also been actively involved in a number of IHTSDO subgroups.
Clare has worked in the field of Human Resources for the last 22 years, primarily within a Consultancy environment. She has covered all aspects of the HR lifecycle - from recruitment through to redundancy and all points in between - and is a qualified executive coach. She joined IHTSDO in February 2013 and is working as part of the management team to both advise and develop HR policy and good practice across our global organization and to look at how we grow and develop our people professionally. Clare holds a BA Hons degree in Historical Studies and a Post Graduate Diploma PG(Dip) in Personnel Management. She is a graduate member of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development in the UK and holds a Practitioner Diploma in Executive Coaching from the AoEC.
Yohani comes to the IHTSDO with over 15 years of experience in project management, office management, administrative procedures and customer service. In this time she has acquired wide-ranged knowledge in various industries as well as become accustomed to working with different cultures having worked in Asia, Australia and Europe. Yohani holds a Bachelor of Arts in Criminal Justice, from Victoria University, Melbourne.
Fleur assists with the planning and logistics of the IHTSDO Business Meetings and SNOMED CT Implementation Showcase, as well as coordinating attendance at international health informatics and academic events. Fleur also provides business support to the Head of Implementation and Education, Head of Collaboration, Head of Content Development, Communications Manager and Member Forum and she is responsible for managing the IHTSDO's website. Joining in January 2013 and based in London, UK, Fleur has over ten years experience in event management and print/online media, gained in the UK and Australian entertainment industries. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Anthropology from the University of Melbourne.
Juliet Gole Krarup
Responsible for the administrative support of many of IHTSDO’s governing, advisory and leadership bodies, Juliet previously worked on five continents as an American diplomat, a project manager and a consultant. She has Masters degrees in Anthropology and Policy Studies and speaks English, Danish, Spanish and Portuguese.
Lisbeth has had vast experience with administrative procedures and customer service practices having worked as the Administrative PA at Warner Brothers for 28 years. Prior to that, she held various positions in the social care sector and continues to be actively involved in social politics. Joining the IHTSDO in 2011, some of her many tasks as Administrative Assistant include office support work, conference planning and facilities management. She also contributes to the day-to-day administration of the head office. Lisbeth has had nursing training and holds Business Studies certificates from Niels Brocks and Cambridge University.
To learn more about what our Terminologists do, do please click here.
Toni Morrison, a Senior Terminologist, joined IHTSDO in August 2013. She has a background in pharmacy, with over 15 years of experience with vendors of evidence based medical information and clinical decision support including four years as a clinical terminologist.
Penni Hernandez, RN, ND
Suzanne Santamaria, DVM, MS
Dr. Suzanne Santamaria joined the IHTSDO as a Senior Terminologist in January 2014. Prior to this she held the position of Research Assistant Professor and Terminologist at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg, Virginia, where for over seven years she authored and edited SNOMED CT extension content and supported the implementation of terminology standards in government and industry projects including the HL7 Structured Product Label (SPL). Dr. Santamaria earned a Master’s degree in Veterinary Medical Informatics. A significant focus of her research continues to involve developing and utilizing ontologies and description logic to represent biomedical knowledge, especially in the classification of organisms using SNOMED CT and OBO Foundry ontologies. Before joining the informatics field she practiced as a Veterinarian in the private and government sector. Her goals include delivering high quality terminology content that will drive interoperability and increase the value of electronic health records.
Maria Braithwaite MA BSc (Hons)
Maria is a Terminology Author with the IHTSDO. She comes with a clinical background in nursing and midwifery and has worked across a range of primary and secondary health care settings. Maria also has experience of IT implementation and staff training in the clinical environment. She has worked in the English National Health Service for 24 years and holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Midwifery Practice and a Master of Arts degree in Health Care Law. Maria worked as a Terminology Author with the UK Terminology Centre for 5 years and is experienced in editing SNOMED CT and UK terminology release products.
Dr. Yongsheng Gao, MB (Bachelor degree of Medicine, China), PhD (UK)
Trained in medicine, Yong fulfilled his passion with a doctorate in health informatics on knowledge representation, ontology and description logic. Prior to joining IHTSDO, he worked as an advanced terminologist at UK Terminology Centre in NHS. He led development and quality assurance of terminologies, SNOMED CT, Read, and National Interim Clinical Imaging Procedures, as well as developed open source software to support SNOMED CT implementation. As an expert terminologist, he contributed to the ERA-EDTA renal primary diagnosis code scheme and mappings to SNOMED CT. He provided terminology bindings for information model in the Logical Record Architecture project. Having worked in large hospitals in China and UK, he gained expertise in development and implementation of EHR. Further, Yong participated in international ISO, CEN and national standardization as a committee member of BSI.
Romin is currently a Terminologist responsible for Drugs, Devices and Substances at IHTSDO. Prior to joining IHTSDO, he has previously worked at NeHTA, the Australia NRC, in the Australian Medicines Terminology team. He is a pharmacist with a hospital background, having worked in both clinical and aged care. Romin is also currently studying his Master of International Business.
Originally qualified as a Nurse and Midwife in Edinburgh, Scotland, Monica has lived and worked on three continents, including Scotland and Saudi Arabia, gaining diverse clinical experience from employment in various roles in the field of nursing, midwifery and healthcare management including, OR Charge Nurse, Endoscopy Clinic Manager; Surgical Outpatient Clinic Manager and Medical Office Manager.
Since leaving active practise in 2000, Monica’s focus has been on directing her extensive health care expertise into the emerging area of message based integration standards, including four years as a Subject Matter Expert for the Canadian eClaims and Shared Health Record pan-Canadian Standards and the corresponding Working Groups at Canada Health Infoway. Throughout, Monica has facilitated the functions related to coordinating complex multi-disciplinary stakeholder engagements including, but not limited to, committees, subcommittees and/or work groups. participating regularly at HL7 working group meetings and was a member of the Education Special Interest group of the International Health Terminology Standards Organisation.
Immediately prior to joining the IHTSDO as a Senior Terminologist, Monica was employed by Gordon Point Informatics, seconded as a Terminology Standards Analyst to eHealth Ontario, engaged in the development of a standard list of terms mapped to SNOMED CT for the purpose of sharing of diagnostic images and reports across the province. Monica resides in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Farzaneh is a Terminologist with IHTSDO. She is a healthcare professional with years of experience in Health Information Technology as a standards specialist (HL7 and terminology) as well as a Medical Laboratory Technologist. Her work experience includes a number of successful interfacing projects in Laboratory, Diagnostic Imaging, and Immunization Registries’ domains. Immediately prior to joining IHTSDO she was engaged as a Standards Specialist - Terminology primarily responsible for the development and maintenance of maps and value sets for both the Ontario Laboratory Information System (OLIS) and the Ontario Diagnostic Imaging Registry, both of which involve the mapping and maintenance of SNOMED CT terms. Farzaneh lives in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
To learn more about what our Mapping Team does, please click here.
Kathy Giannangelo, MA, RHIA, CCS, CPHIMS, FAHIMA
Kathy has a comprehensive background in the field of clinical terminologies, classification, and data standards with more than thirty years of experience in the health information management field. As part-time Mapping Lead, she provides expertise, quality review and consensus for the development, review and maintenance of mappings between SNOMED CT and other code systems. For six years, she taught a graduate level course on clinical vocabularies and classification systems. She is also a coding specialist for the National Committee for Quality Assurance where her work focuses on the analysis of quality measures and assigning various vocabulary standards to value sets used in the measure criteria. Kathy has also served as director of content management, medical informaticist, and senior nosologist for various HIT vendors.
Donna joins the IHTSDO with over 30 years’ experience in clinical coding and terminology. She worked in the National Health Service for 23 years in various roles, including secondments to NHS IA mapping SNOMED CT to OPCS-4. She was also part of the team that implemented Read v2 within the Trust. Donna was in the first cohort who achieved Accredited Clinical Coder status. Following this Donna worked in the commercial sector for over 10 years where she developed as a Clinical Coding Lead Trainer and Auditor as well as leading the training team who worked to implement SNOMED CT as part of the Southern Programme for IT.
Brought up on the remote west coast of Scotland, Nicki gained a Diploma in Information Studies when the subject was in its infancy. Following nursing experience, Nicki worked in the NHS as a clinical coder, before moving to the NHS Classifications Service in 2006 as part of NHS Connecting for Health that was delivering the NHS IT project. Her role in the Classifications Service was Cross Mapping Specialist linking SNOMED CT and the Read codes V2 and V3 to the classifications ICD-10 and OPCS-4. Nicki was a founder member of the newly formed Mapping Service Team and joined IHTSDO as a Mapping Specialist in July 2012. She is also studying a Masters in Health Informatics at the University College of London to keep up with the latest HI developments.
Having performed in multiple facets of Health Information Technology, Krista Lilly has found her niche in mapping. Previous positions were held in management, education, hospital-based and travel-based medical coding. She holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Health Information Management.
Prior to joining the IHTSDO in February 2014, Linda has worked for two SNOMED CT National Release Centres (in Australia and Singapore), and had a leading role in designing and implementing national SNOMED CT extensions. She has strong experience in working with clinicians and implementers to understand and document clinical information requirements, assess implementation design options and define solutions that best meet the needs of all stakeholders. She has been an active participant in a number of IHTSDO Special Interest Groups, and served as chair of the modelling taskforce for CIMI (Clinical Information Modelling Initiative). Linda has an Information Technology degree, a PH.D., and a University Gold Medal from the University of Queensland in Australia.
In the eight years prior to joining IHTSDO in February 2014, Tom has worked in a variety of SNOMED CT implementation strategy and support roles for the UK’s National Health Service. He has mainly worked for the London office of NHS England’s National Programme for IT (NPfIT), and more recently for the UK National Release Centre (UKTC). Tom has facilitated the UKTC’s Implementation Forum to maximise communication between implementers and the UKTC, he has worked to provide a range of UK specific educational resources for SNOMED CT, and has contributed to a range of UKTC product innovations such as their pre-computed UK Substitutions Table for inactive concepts. Tom’s career has an academic foundation in the engineering disciplines (BEng), and Health Informatics (MSc) augmented by 18+ years experience of product development (business machinery, health software, clinical terminology). He has been an active member of the SNOMED CT community of practise mainly through contributions to Implementation Special Interest Group, recently as a member of the Technical Committee, but also through a part-time secondment: working for IHTSDO during 2010.
Anna has been associated with the IHTSDO since 2007, representing Sweden in a number of groups including the General Assembly and Member Forum. Prior to joining the IHTSDO she has been responsible for leading and managing the Swedish eHealth strategy at the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs. With extra responsibility of the ministry's international eHealth activities she has been coordinator of eHealth project epSOS as well as work package leader and highly active in several EU, as well as Nordic, eHealth projects and networks. Prior to the ministry Anna was working at the National Board of Health and Welfare as part of the management team setting up the SNOMED CT release center and working towards SNOMED CT adoption nationally.
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